Car Body Torsional Rigidity – A Comprehensive List (Updated: Apr. 29, 2016)

Note: we have moved the complete list to our new site, all future updates will be published there.

The torsional rigidity is a critical parameter for a vehicle, which measures how many force you need to apply to “twist” the car body frame by one degree. Of course the larger of this value, the better.

From the consumer’s perspective, what is the benefit of a high torsional rigidity car body? A vehicle with high torsion rigidity will give the driver and passenger a more “solid” feel when the car is running, especially when the road is bumpy and has lots of potholes on it. The cabin will has less rattling and popping noises because the car body has less twist and flex when there are forces transmitted from the suspension.

Because of the above benefits, generally speaking luxury cars and sports cars usually has higher torsional rigidity.

Unfortunately many automakers does not published this data for their products, even their products are proved to be have very good torsional rigidity. Some automakers disclose the data, but they do not advertise it, or publicly claim this selling point.

The data in the below list is collected by YouWheel.com editor from various sources and research. Some values are explicitly disclosed by the manufacturer, some are implicitly derived by multiple sources. We try our best to make it accurate, however we cannot guarantee it is 100% error free.

Data are all from credible sources. For example major US/European auto industry media publications – either electronic version or paper version (such as MotorTrend, Car and Driver etc); or industry association documents (for example Steel Market Development Institute, SAE etc.); or interview articles with personnels of specific auto makers.

All values’ unit is in Nm/deg.

Acura MDX – 2014 model 12.4% more than 2013 model, 2007 model 20% better than 2006 model, 2003 model 35% more than 2002 model
Acura RDX – 2008 model (39% HSS) exceeds 2007 BMW X3; 2014 model 24% better
Acura RLX (2014) – 47% better than previous RL
Acura TL (1998) – 70% better than previous generation
Alfa Romeo 147 3-door       16,600
Alfa Romeo 156       11,000
Alfa Romeo 159       31,400
Aston Martin DB9 Convertible    15,500
Aston Martin DB9 Coupe    27,000
Aston Martin Rapide    28,000
Aston Martin Vantage Roaster     21,000
Aston Martin Vantage Coupe     27,273
Aston Martin Vanquish    28,500
Audi A2    11,900
Audi A4 (B7, 2005 – 2008)    22,000
Audi A4 (B8, 2009 – )    23,100
Audi A8 (D2, 1997 – 2003)         25,000
Audi A8 (D3, 2004 – 2010)        36,000
Audi A8 (D4, 2011 – )          38,230   Source
Audi R8 (2014 – )    40,000
Audi TT Coupe Mk1    19,000
Audi TT Coupe Mk2    28,500
Audi TT Roadster Mk1    10,000
Bentley Azure    18,000
Bentley Flying Spur (2013)    36,500
BMW E30 M3 (race car w/roll cage)        23,500   (data source the same as F80 M3)
BMW E36 M3    10,900
BMW E36 Z3    5,600
BMW E39 5-Series    24,000
BMW E46 Convertible    10,500
BMW E46 Coupe (w/folding seats)    12,500
BMW E46 Sedan (w/folding seats)    13,000
BMW E46 Sedan (w/o folding seats)    18,000
BMW E46 Wagon (w/folding seats)    14,000
BMW E46 M3 GTR (w/roll cage)       46,000        (data source the same as F80 M3)
BMW E60 5-Series       24,200    (16,250  from JLR source)    (1st bending: 45.6 Hz; 1st torsional: 44.7 Hz)
BMW E63 6-Series Coupe         28,000
BMW E64 6-Series Convertible        15,000
BMW_F13_Torsional
BMW E53 X5    23,100
BMW E70 X5    28,000
BMW E83 X3       21,400 (w/o panoramic sunroof); 19,000 (w/ panoramic sunroof)    source
BMW E85 Z4    16,000
BMW E85 Z4 Coupe    32,000
BMW E85 Z4 M    16,000
BMW E85 Z4 M Coupe    32,000
BMW E52 Z8      10,500
BMW E90 3-Series    22,500
BMW E90 3-Series Convertible    15,750
BMW F07 5GT     31,500 (w/o sunroof); 27,500 (w/ sunroof)
BMW F10 5-Series    37,500
BMW F12 6-Series Convertible           22,500
BMW F13 6-Series Coupe            43,000
BMW F15 X5 29,400
BMW F25 X3       30,000 (w/o sunroof); 26,000 (w/ sunroof)
BMW F30 3-Series    29,300
BMW F80 M3 40,000           YouTube Link (10’57”, screenshot below)

BMW_F80_M3_Torsional_Rigidity

BMW E65 7-Series (2002 – 2008)       31,200 (1st bending moment: 26 Hz, torsional moment: 29 Hz)  Official Document Full Document (page 10)       Link
BMW F01 7-Series (2009 – )      37,500          Official Document      Full Document (page 10)
Bugatti EB110    19,000
Bugatti Veyron    60,000
Bugatti Veyron Grand Sport    22,000
Buick Enclave (2008 – )      25,900
Cadillac ATS (2013 – )      29,000
Cadillac CTS Sedan (2008 – 2013)      19,143
Cadillac CTS Sport Wagon (2012 – 2014)            18,416 (3.8% less than sedan)
Cadillac CTS (2014 – )      26,800
Chevrolet Camaro Convertible (2011 – 2015)          18 Hz (torsional, dynamic), 21 Hz (bending, dynamic)   Link
Chevrolet Cobalt      19,300
Chevrolet Corvette C5       9,100
Chevrolet Corvette C7 (2014 – )        14,500
Chevrolet Cruze     17,660
Chevrolet Malibu (8th-gen, 2013 – 2016)         23,000 (w/o moonroof)
Chevrolet Malibu (9th-gen, 2016 -)         23,600 (w moonroof)
Chrysler 300 (LX platform, 2005 – 2010)        17,897 (13,200 lb-ft/deg, 1st torsional moment: 40 Hz, 1st bending moment: 48 Hz) Link
Chrysler Crossfire    20,140
Chrysler Durango (not the latest generation)    6,800
Chrysler Sebring Convertible (FJ/JX, 1996 – 2000)      4,400
Daewoo Lanos (1999 – 2002) 10,500
Daewoo Nubira (1999 – 2002) 14,500
Dodge Neon (1st gen, 1995 – 1999)      6,000
Dodge Neon (2nd gen, 2000 – 2005)    8,300
Dodge Viper Coupe (2008 – 2010)   7,600
Dodge Viper GTS-R         25,082
Dodge SRT Viper (2013 – ) 11,400
Ferrari 355    10,000 (bending 7,100)
Ferrari 360 Modena    23,000 (bending 10,100)
Ferrari 360 Spider    13,800
Ferrari 430    27,600
Ferrari 430 Convertible       10,200
Ferrari 458    33,120
Ferrari 458 Spider    23,184 (70% of the Coupe)
Ferrari 550 Barchetta Pininfarina      14,711
Ferrari F50    34,600
FIAT Bravo     10,800
FIAT Tempra Sedan 6,700
FIAT Brava 9,100
FIAT Bravo 10,600
Fisker Karma    35,000 (bending: 23,000)
Ford Fiesta 3-door (3rd gen, 1989 – 1997) 6,500
Ford Focus 3-door    19,600
Ford Focus 5-door    17,900
Ford Fusion (2010 – 2012) 17,453 (1,000 kNm/rad) Link
Ford Fusion (2013 – ) 19,286 (1,105 kNm/rad)   Link    Full document part 1   part 2
Ford GT    27,100
Ford GT40 MkI    17,000
Ford Maverick 4,400
Ford Mustang 2003    16,000
Ford Mustang 2005    21,000
Ford Mustang Convertible (2003)    4,800
Ford Mustang Convertible (2005)    9,500
GMC Acadia (2007 – ) 25,900
Golf V GTI    25,000
Honda Accord Coupe (2008) – 20% better than 2007 model
Honda Accord Sedan (2008 – 2012, 8th-Gen)       16,440 (actual test), 21,667 (CAE simulation)      Link
Honda Accord Sedan (2013 – present, 9th-Gen)        23,345
Honda Civic Hatchback (6th-Gen, EK)         10,700
Honda S2000 (1st-Gen, AP1)       7,100
Hyundai Genesis Coupe (2010 – )     22,500
Hyundai Genesis Sedan (2009 – 2014)     33,966
Hyundai Genesis Sedan (2015 -)     39,400
Hyundai Sonata (2006 – 2010)     14,600
Hyundai i40/Sonata (US market) (2011 – )        35,300    Part 1 link (page 18)   Part 2 link
Infiniti G Sedan (2003 – 2006)    46.6 Hz (1st bending), 55.6 (1st torsional)
Infiniti G Sedan (2007 – 2013)     23,000
Infiniti M Sedan (2006 – 2010)    52 Hz (1st bending), 58.1 (1st torsional)
Jaguar F-Type Convertible (2014 – )     18,000   Link
Jaguar F-Type Coupe (2015 – )     33,000
Jaguar X-Type Estate    16,319
Jaguar X-Type Sedan    22,000
Jaguar XF (X250, 2007 – 2015)        ~17,300

Jaguar_XF_X250_Rigidity
Jaguar XF (X260, 2016 – )          22,000   (28% higher than X250)
Jaguar XJ (X350, 2004 – 2009)       21,700
Jaguar XK (X100, 1996 – 2006)     16,000
Jaguar XKR-S Coupe (X150, 2011 – )     28,400           Link (p.13)
Jeep Grand Cherokee (WK2, 2010-)     23,000 (bending stiffness: 10,200 N/mm)     Link
Koenigsegg    28,100
Koenigsegg Agera    58,000
Koenigsegg Agera R    65,000
Koenigsegg CC8     28,100
Lamborghini Gallardo    23,000
LamborghiniMurcielago    20,000
Lamborghini Aventador    35,000
Lamborghini Countach    2,600
Lamborghini Gallardo Super Trofeo Stradale    35,000
Land Rover Freelander 2    28,000
Land Rover Range Rover (L322, 2003 – 2012)         32,000
Lexus LFA    39,130
Lexus LS460 – 2013 model 60% more than 2012 model
Lotus 33     3,253
Lotus Elan    7,900
Lotus Elan GRP body    8,900
Lotus Elise    10,000
Lotus Elise 111s    11,000
Lotus Elise S2 Exige (2004)    10,500
Lotus Esprit SE Turbo    5,850
Lotus Evora        26,600
Lotus SID Concept 16,000
Maserati Quattroporte V    18,000
Mazda CX-5 (2013 – ) 27,000
Mazda MX-5 (NA 1st-gen, NB 2nd-gen)    6000
Mazda MX-5 (NC 3rd-gen)    8800
Mazda RX-7 (FB) 9150
Mazda RX-7 (FC) 10500
Mazda RX-7 (FD) 15000
Mazda RX-8    30,000
McLaren F1    13,500
MG ZT    24,000
MG MGF    7,100
MG MGTF    8,500
Mercedes R230 SL-class (2006)    17,000 (top down), 21,000 (top up)
Mercedes R230 SL-class (2012)    16,399
Mercedes R231 SL-class (2013)     19,400
Mercedes W212 E-class    29,920
Mercedes W221 S-class    27,500
Mercedes W222 S-class    40,500
Mini Cooper (2003)    24,500
Mini Cooper Convertible (1st gen)      9,000
Nissan Maxima (8th-gen, A36, 2016 – )           25%+ (7th-gen base), 6%+ (7th-gen sport)   source
Nissan Micra 3-door (K11, 1992 – 2003)      4,000
Nissan Sunny (B14, 1993 – 1998)       8,200
Nissan Prairie (M11, 1988-1998)      7,500
Opel Astra G 3-door (1998 – 2004)      10,500
Opel Astra G 5-door (1998 – 2004)      11,700
Opel Astra G Sedan (1998 – 2004)        11,900
Opel Corsa B 3-door (1993 – 2000)        6,500
Opel Corsa C 3-door (2000 – 2012)       8,000
Opel Omega B2 (1999 – 2003)      13,000
Opel Vectra A        6,000
Opel Vectra B        12,000
Opel Vectra C        18.000
Pagani Zonda C12 S    26,300
Pagani Zonda F    27,000
Pagani Zonda Roadster           18.000
Porsche 911 Cabriolet 991 (2012)    11,699
Porsche 911 Carrera GT      26,000
Porsche 911 Carrera Type 997    33,000
Porsche 911 Coupe 991 (2012)    30,359
Porsche 911 Turbo (2000)    13,500
Porsche 911 Turbo 996    27,000
Porsche 911 Turbo 996 Convertible    11,600
Porsche 959       12,900
Porsche Carrera GT       26,000
Renault Sport Spider    10,000
Renault Twingo I (1993 – 2007) 14,200
Rolls Royce Phantom    40,500
Rover 600        20,800 (1st torsional vibration: 60 Hz)    link
Saab 9-3 Convertible (2008 – 2012)      11,500
Saab 9-3 Sport Sedan (2008 – 2011)      22,000
Saab 9-3 SportCombi (2008 – 2011)      20,548
Saleen S7      45,000
Saturn Outlook (2007 – 2009)    25,900
Subaru Impreza WRX (2nd-Gen, 2002 – 2007)        23,000
Subaru Impreza (4th-Gen, 2012 – )        24,500
Tesla Model S          19,000, 1st torsional moment: 42 Hz
Toyota Celica (T230, 2000 – 2005)       13,600
Toyota Corolla 3-door hatchback (E110)      10,500
Toyota Mark X (2004 – 2009)    16,000
Toyota Starlet (80 Series)      7,600
Volvo S60 (2001 – 2009)    20,000
Volvo S60 (2011 – )    29,400 (47% increase of previous generation)
Volvo S80    18,600
Volvo XC90 (2003 – 2014)    21,400
Volvo XC90 (2016 – )    27,392 (28% increase from first generation)
VW Beetle (2012 – ) 26,000
VW Fox     17,941
VW Passat Estate (B6)    23,000
VW Passat Estate (B7, European market, 2010 – )     25,000        Link
VW Passat Saloon (B7, European market, 2010 – )     30,000
VW Phaeton      37,000
VW Golf IV 3-door       19,600
VW Golf IV 5-door       17,600
VW Golf V         18,400
VW Golf V GTI        25,000
VW Touareg (2008 – 2010)       36,900

Want to read more interesting technical topics in the automobile industry? See our famous Technical Talk section, covering all aspects in automotible design, including engine, suspension, braking system, body structure, and also all kinds of AWD mechanisms. 

———–Modification Log———–
04/25/2014: added Hyundai Genesis Sedan, Cadillac ATS/CTS, GMC Acadia/Saturn Outlook/Buick Enclave
04/30/2014: added Infiniti G Sedan, Toyota Mark X, Mazda CX-5
05/06/2014: added VW Beetle
05/07/2014: added 2013+ Dodge Viper
05/12/2014: added Ford Fusion 2010-2012, 2013
05/30/2014: added Aston Martin Vantage Roaster and Coupe
06/04/2014: added Saab 9-3 convertible
06/12/2014: added B7 Passate wagon/sedan, Hyundai Genesis Coupe, 4th-gen Impreza, 1st-gen Touareg, Lotus 33, Mazda MX-5, MG ZT/MGF/MGTF
06/13/2014: added Audi A4 (B7, B8), BMW Z8
07/16/2014: added Jeep Grand Cherokee document
08/25/2014: added BMW E30 M3 race car, E46 M3 GTR and F80 M3
10/30/2014: added Hyundai Sonata/i40 (06 – 10, and 11 – )
02/27/2015: added Jaguar X150 XKR-S (2011 – )
04/13/2015: added Subaru Impreza WRX 2nd-Gen, Opel Vectra, Pagani Zonda Roadster, FIAT Bravo
05/01/2015: added official document to BMW F01 and E65 7 Series
09/02/2015: added Saab 9-3 sport sedan, corrected the SportCombi’s number
09/11/2015: added 2016 Volvo XC90
09/16/2015: added 8th and 9th-gen Honda Accord, Alfa Romeo 147, 156, Honda Civic 6th-gen, Dodge Viper GTS-R, Opel Vectra A/B, Porsche Carrera GT, Toyota Celica, VW Golf
10/01/2015: added 1st-gen Chrysler 300, 3rd-Gen Infiniti G, M sedans
12/14/2015: added D3 and D4 generations of Audi A8
02/13/2016: added 5th-gen Camaro Convertible, Jaguar F-Type Convertible, Tesla Model S, BMW E63/64, F12/13, Lotus Evora
02/19/2016: added Corvette C7
02/27/2016: added Cadillac CTS Wagon, Saleen S7, Lotus SID Concept, Jaguar XJ (X350), Chrysler Sebring Convertible, Dodge Neon, Ferrari 430 Convertible, Ferrari 550 Barchetta Pininfarina, Daewoo Lanos, Daewoo Nubira, FIAT Tempra, Brava, Bravo, Ford Fiesta 3-door, Ford Maverick, Nissan Sunny, Nissan Micra, Nissan Prairie, Opel Astra, Opel Corsa, Opel Omega B2, Renault Twingo I, Toyota Starlet, Toyota Corolla
03/10/2016: added Jaguar XF (X250 and X260)
03/11/2016: added Range Rover (L322)
03/31/2016: added Chevrolet Malibu (8th-gen and 9th-gen)
04/28/2016: added E83 and F25 BMW X3
04/29/2016: added Rover 600

6 comments to Car Body Torsional Rigidity – A Comprehensive List (Updated: Apr. 29, 2016)

  • […] Structural Stiffness of Our car (and others) Found this juicy link. Although Mazda 6 per se is not on the list, the CX-5 is, and it is identical to our car. Those of you who hold an opinion that today's Mazda 6 is stiff enough, just look at the changes in stiffness in other cars from one generation to the next!!! Enjoy the list: Car Body Torsional Rigidity – A Comprehensive List (Updated: 05/12/2014) – YouWheel.com – Car … […]

    • David Topchiev  says:

      Heres what u need to understand. On paper, the numbers are 1 thing . But in real physical driving feel another. For example, u can sit in a car with higher stiffness numbers. And it can feel less solid than a car with lower numbers. I have come across this many times.and so have car public ations. And car companies, dodon’t always tell the truth either. After looking at this chart and seeing some ridiculous single digits on some cars, u would think they were made out of a marshmallow. Yet alot of these cars feel pretty solid. Get the drift?

  • 981C tight as a drum  says:

    […] Car Body Torsional Rigidity – A Comprehensive List (Updated: 06/04/2014) – YouWheel.com – Car … is the best list I could find, vantage is actually 27000 981C figureof 40000 is actually from various articles that came out when it was being released […]

    • David Topchiev  says:

      Thats another thing. Don’t believe everything u read. Drive the car urself if u can and even compare it to other cars. As u know the bigger the car the more flex. This chart says a Rolls Phantom is rated at 40.000. And a Merc Sl at 16.400. Since the Mercedes is three times smaller, it may actually feel more solid than a car thats the size of some houses.

  • […] to 100000 Nm/deg. For comparison: Veyron: 60000 Nm/deg Koenigsegg Agera R 65,000 Nm/deg Source: Car Body Torsional Rigidity – A Comprehensive List (Updated: Dec. 14, 2015) – YouWheel.com – Car New… I don't know man, I'm skeptical about the 300% claim, may it makes more sense if its 300% more […]

  • Torsional rigidity - FerrariChat.com  says:

    […] a mega list Car Body Torsional Rigidity – A Comprehensive List (Updated: Dec. 14, 2015) – YouWheel.com – Car New… Ferrari 355 10,000 (bending 7,100) Ferrari 360 Modena 23,000 (bending 10,100) Ferrari 360 Spider […]

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